43 % LAST BOTTLE AND EMPTY THE EDINBURGH MALT CLASSIC MALTS The Glenkinchie Distillery, Pencaitland
INFO THE DISTILLERS EDITION Double Matured Amontilado Cask-Wood Speial Release Limited Edition G/273 - 7 - D Glenkinchie Distillery, Pencaitland, Tranent, East Lothian
17 years old
INFO SINGLE CASK SCOTCH MALT WHISKY Distilled Apr 87 Bottled Sep 04 Society Cask code 22.14 Outturn 263 Bottles The Scotch Malt Whisky Society, The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh 'A muscular aperitif"
DIRECTOR'S GLEAMING SELECTION
27 years old
50,0% THE OLD MALT CASK 50o Single Cask Bottling Distilled 1973 August Bottled 2001 March No Chill Filtration No Colouring 318 Bottles Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow
12 years old
43 % THE EDINBURGH MALT Glenkinchie Distillery, Pencaitland
GLENKINCHIE (1837 zie ook JACKSON'S ROW
Pencaitland, East Lothian. Licentiehouder: John Haig & Co, Ltd. Onderdeel van United Distillers Ltd. Eigendom van Guinness. Zuid - Oost Schotland is een ideale plaats om een distilleerderij te beginnen: de goede Lowland grond levert de beste gerst en het zachte water borrelt vanuit de Lammermuir Hills via bronnen en beekjes in de lager gelegen gebieden op. Bovendien liggen de grote steden van Engeland dichtbij als afzetgebied. De landbouwboeren John en George Rate, dreven hier van 1825 - 1833 de Milton distilleer-derij, en in 1837 werden zij genoemd als licentiehouders van Glenkinchie, mogelijk dezelf-de distilleerderij . De Rate's waren zelfvoorziend, 's zomers boer, en in de winter werd er gedistilleerd om de nodige kontanten te verkrijgen. De Rate's gingen in 1853 bankroet en Christie, ook een boer, werd de nieuwe eigenaar. Hij hield er koeien en had een houtzagerij maar distilleerde niet. In 1881 expandeerde de whiskymarkt en het gebouwencomplex werd overgenomen door Hannah van Alexander Meivin & Co, van de Boroughloch brouwerij te Edinburgh, samen met R.H. Thomson en James Watt, wijnhandelaren te Leith, waar later nog bijkwamen Arthur en Fred Sanderson van Robertson Sanderson & Co, te Leith whiskyblenders en Leechman & Co, wijnhandelaren. Zij handelden onder de naam The Glenkinchie Distillery Co, Ltd. Op 28 Juli 1914 werd Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd (S.M.D.) gevormd, om vraag en afname van whisky met elkaar inovereenstemming te brengen, de deelnemers waren de Clydesdale te Wishaw, St. Magdalene te Linlithgow, Rosebank te Falkirk, Glenkinchie te Pencaitland en Grange te Burntisland. Gedurende de eerste wereldoorlog was Glenkinchie gesloten, maar in de tweede wereldoor-log mocht Glenkinchie whisky produceren, zij het in kleine hoeveelheden. Glenkichie heeft een mashtun van 8§ ton inhoud. Er staan zes washbacks, vier ervan zijn gemaakt van Oregon Pine, twee van Canadees Larikshout. Elk met een inhoud van 43000 liter. In het ketelhuis staan twee ketels, een wash still van 30.963 liter, en daarmee de grootste in Schotland en een spirit still met een inhoud van 20495 liter. De ketels worden met stoom verhit. Glenkinchie kan 1,5 miljoen spirit produceren die wordt gelagerd in refill vaten. De distilleerderij kater heet Leo (2001). In het museum staat een model van een malt distilleerderij, oorspronkelijk gemaakt voor de British Empire Exhibition te Wembley in 1924 - 1925. Guiness nam Arthur Bell & Sons Ltd in 1986 en in 1987 The Distillers Company Ltd, (D.C.L.) en in 1988 werden beide groepen van bedrijven samengevoegd en de nieuwe naam werd United Distillers Ltd. (U.D.). Op 12 Mei 1997 wordt de fusie bekend gemaakt tussen Guinness en Grand Metropolitan, (Grand Met).
Op 16 Oktober 1997 staakt de Fransman Bernard Arnault van L M V H zijn verzet tegen de fusie voor een afkoopsom van ƒ 800.000.000. De nieuwe naam van de gefuseerden zou eerst G M G Brands worden maar op 22 Oktober werd bekendgemaakt dat de naam Diageo zou worden, afgeleid van het Latijnse woord voor dag en het Griekse woord voor wereld. Diageo wordt het grootste drankenconcern ter wereld, groter dan Seagram en Allied Domecq samen en met een omzet van 40 miljard gulden. Diageo is de overkoepelende naam voor vier bedrijven: United Distillers & Vintners, (U.D.V.), Pilsbury, Guinness en Burger King. Op 31 Maart 1998 wordt bekend dat het ginmerk Bombay en het whiskymerk Dewar voor £ 1,15 miljard worden verkocht aan Bacardi Martini. Het afstoten van de twee merken was een voorwaarde van de autoriteiten in de V.S. voor goedkeuring van de fusie. Onderdeel van de verkoop houdt ook in de overname van de distilleerderijen Aberfeldy, Aultmore, Craigellachie en Royal Brackla door Bacardi Martini. Balmenach wordt in December 1997 verkocht aan Inver House.
The Edinburgh Malt, Lowland Scotch Whisky. Glenkinchie Distillery was established in 1837 by John and George Rate. It is situated beside the Kinchie Burn in the heart of East Lothian farmland. Over the gently rolling hills around Glenkinchie, some of the finest barley is grown. Glenkinchie Lowland Malt Whisky has a light delicate nose and a freshclean aroma: the finish is smooth, with a subtle hint of dryness. A truly fine distinctive Single Malt, exellent as a pre-dinner drink. Founded in 1837 by local farmers George and John Rate, Glenkinchie nestles amid rolling farmland not twenty miles from bustling Edinburgh. Its clean tasting malt almost single-handedly keeps alive the light Lowland style, for just two Lowland distilleries now remain. 1886 visitor Alfred Barnard was impressed by the sheer size of the stills, even now among the largest in Scotland. The dry, light malt they produce is much enjoyed as an aperitif in nearby Edinburgh, and further afield. Intricate and soothing, Glenkinchie matures quikly - like the rich Lowland barley all around these parts. Fresh, green flavours with summer fruits and a delicate, dry finish perfectly evoke the idyllic setting of the distillery itself. Glenkichie is the gentle Lowland destination on a journey around Scotland's six malt whisky making regions. The other Classic Malts are: Dalwhinnie, Highland, Cragganmore, Speyside, Talisker, Skye, Oban, West Highland and Lagavulin Islay. Augustus 2007 Glenkinchie wordt als 12 jaar oude single malt whisky uitgebracht.
CLASSIC MALTS OF SCOTLAND
October 2005 De Classic Malts of Scotland serie, bestaande uit: Glenkinchie 10 years old, Dalwhinnie 15 years old, Cragganmore 12 years old, Oban 14 years old, Talisker 10 years old, Lagavulin 16 years old verandert van samenstelling Oban 14 year old wordt vervangen door Glen Elgin 12 years old, Lagavulin 16 years old wordt vervangen door Caol Ila 12 years old Dit komt omdat de betrokken distilleerderijen de produktie niet meer aankunnen.
CLASSIC MALT SELECTION tegelijkertijd wordt onder de naam Classic Malts Selection een 3- Bottle Plinth uitgebracht met: Glen Elgin 12 years old, Talisker 10 years old, Caol Ila 12 years old
Glen Elgin Speyside 12 years old FRUITY Natuur geuren 15 % Fruitigheid 60 % Turf 10 % Houttonen 15 % deze malt kenmerkt zich door zijn volle en zachte smaak met een explosie van vers geel fruit Talisker Skye 10 years old POWERFUL Natuur geuren Fruitigheid 30 % Turf 70 % Houttonen een aromatische, explosieve en prikkelende malt van Skye die uiteindelijk ook zoete tonen laat proeven CAOL ILA Islay 12 years old SMOKY Natuur geuren 50 % Fruitigheid Turf 50 % Houttonen een malt met een duidelijk karakter, krachtig compleet met zee-aroma's en de geur van hout-vuur.
East Lothian is the classic ground of Scottish farming. Ormiston, the next village to Pencaitland, was the home of John Cockburn, who founded early in the 18th century the Society of Improvers of Knowledge of Agriculture. This Society introduced the turnip and the potato, imported experts from far and wide, and began an agricultural revolution which changed the landscape of Scot-land. The county grows some of the best Scottish barley. John and George Rate, who farmed the adjoining lands of Milton, Lempock Wells and Peaston Bank, operated Milton Distilleryfrom 1825 to at least 1833. They were recorded in 1837 as the licence-holders of Glenkinchie Distillery, which was probably the same establishment trading under a new name. They grew and malted their own barley, mashed it with the soft water of the Kinchie Burn, and distilled it to make a distinctive Lowland malt whisky, until production stopped in 1853. The successor to the Rates did not distil and fitted up part of the premises as a sawmill. In the 1880's, when the market for blended whisky was expanding beyond Scotland, the property was taken over, and the distillery restarted, by a Mr. Hannah of Alexander Melvin & Co., Boroughloch Brewery, Edinburgh, with R.H. Thomson and James Watt, wine merchants, of Leith. They were later joined by Arthur and Fred Sanderson, of Robertson Sanderson & Co., Leith, blenders of Celebrated Mountain Dew Scotch whisky, and Leechman & Co., wine merchants, Leith. The Glenkinchie Distillery Co. Ltd., incorporated in 1890, completely rebuilt the premises and carried on business as distillers and maltsters until July 1914, when Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd. was formed to concentrate the resources of five Lowland malt whisky distilleries, including Glenkinchie, at a time of recession. The Government decided in June 1917 that all malt whisky distilleries should close in the interest of conserving barley for foodstuffs. They remained closed until 1919. Thirty years later, on the outbreak of the Second World War, the Government severely restricted the supply of barley for distilling purposes. Most distilleries closed down for the greater part of the duration of the war but Glenkinchie was enabled to produce small quantities of whisky in each year.
The distillery occupies an area of 17 acres (7 hectares). SMD owns an adjoining farm of 85 acres (34 hectares) which is let to tenants for grazing. For many years a distillery manager, W.J. McPherson, farmed the land himself. Under his expert care the cattle on the farm, mainly of the Aberdeen Angus breed, flourished on byproducts of the malting and mashing processes and cut a prominent figure in fatstock prize lists. Glenkinchie animals were awarded the Supreme Championship in three successive years at the Birmingham, Edinburgh and Smithfield shows. They won the championship at Smithfield in 1949, 1952 and 1954. There was also ample accommodation for horses at Glenkinchie. By 1956 the stables were almost empty, except when Buchanan's Clydesdale drayhorses came from Glasgow for their summer holidays. Two horses were kept, and barley and coal were carted from Saltoun station, until the railway line closed in the next decade. The distillery's water supplies are now drawn from reservoirs on the Lammermuir Hills, in the same catchment area as the springs that feed the Kinchie Burn. The latter source has not been used since 1954 in view of the possibility that the quality of its water might be affected by the use of chemicals in the farming industry. Glenkinchie's two hand-fired pot stills were converted in 1960 to a mechanical coal stoking system and converted again in 1972, when the still-house was rebuilt, to internal heating by steam. The floor makings closed for the last time in March 1968. "Thatbrought home to me", the distillery manager, Alistair Munro, subsequently said, "how much and how fast our industry was changing: and I felt that something of that disappearing past should be preserved and recorded for the future." The malting floor provided ample accommodation for a collection of all the various instruments and machines, some of them beautifully made, used in a malt whisky distillery. Equipment discarded at Glenkinchie formed the nucleus until, with the support of SMD's directors, other SMD distilleries were brought into the scope of the project. What began as a personal collection developed into the Museum of Malt Whisky Production. The largest item in the Museum is a model of a Highland malt whisky distillery. This was a part of the Scotch Whisky Exhibit displayed in the Palace of Industry at the British Empire Exhibition, Wembley, in 1924-25. The model was designed by James Risk, SMD's general works manager, assisted by George Cruik-shank of Linlithgow Distillery, and built to a scale of one-sixth of the actual size by Basset-Lowke Ltd. of Northampton. When the Exhibition closed the model was lent by The Distillers Company Limited to the Science Museum, London, where it was on display from 1926 to 1948 when it went into store. It was returned to DCL's custody in 1963.
Glenkinchie is still owned by Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd., of Elgin, a subsidiary of The Distillers Company Limited, responsible for the production and warehousing of malt whiskies for companies within the DCL Group. It operates 45 malt whisky distilleries, associated makings and bonded warehouses throughout Scotland, and owns 22 houses for occupation by employees at Glenkinchie. The distiller's licence is held by John Haig Co. Ltd., of Mar-kinch, Fife, proprietors of Haig Gold Label and Dimple Scotch whiskies. The entire output is used for blending.
October 2005 Diageo has announced that its 2005 Annual Rare Malts Selection will be the last. The collection will consist of four cask strenght single malts from closed distilleries; Glen Mhor 28 years old, Millburn 35 years old, Glendullan 26 years old and Linkwood 30 years old. Dr. Nicholas Morgan, global malts marketing director commented: 'As the Special Releases are now well established, it makes less sence to continue selecting and promoting a parallel series of Rare Malts with his own separate indentity'. In future, all premium and rare whiskies will be made available in the annual Special Releases series.
Clear wort and long ferments have pushed things towards lightness and fruit, while a glance at the enormous stills (the wash still is the largest in Scotland) immediately suggests masses of copper contact and reflux.
They are run however to cut down on copper contact and the steeply angled lyne arms run into worm tubs filled with cold water. All of this results in a new make which smells akin to over boiled broccoli.
This sulphurousness is a marker however (it means that the spirit behind isn’t fruity) and disappears in cask, leaving this light, fragrant whisky with just a hint of meadow flowers and lemon, although the mid-palate has the texture you expect from a worm-tub site.
The Rate brothers, who founded Glenkinchie, started their legal whisky making adventure in 1825 when they opened a distillery nearby which they called Milton. Like many distilleries of that time, the name gives an indication as to the original use of the site, and there is also the inference that anyone who ran a mill at that point was also probably more than aware of (illicit) whisky making.
The Rate brothers then built a more substantial distillery on the current site in 1837, calling it Glenkinchie. (The name Kinchie, it is believed, comes from de Quincey, the family which originally owned the estate, an ancestor of whom, Thomas, wrote Confessions of an English Opium Eater.)
Their project, like so many, foundered, and in 1853 they were bankrupted and the site converted to a sawmill.
It wasn’t until 1881 that whisky-making restarted, when a group of Edinburgh investors, seeing the rise in blended whisky sales, came on board. Under the eye of Maj. James Grey the plant was rebuilt and expanded into its current form in 1890.
In 1914, Glenkinchie joined forces with fellow Lowland distillers Rosebank, St. Magdalene, Grange and Clydesdale to form Scottish Malt Distillers. In 1925, after further expansions, SMD merged with DCL to form the most powerful consortium in Scotch whisky. The firm has since evolved into Diageo.
Glenkinchie’s maltings remained open until 1968. The buildings have since been turned into an excellent museum which contains a remarkable scale model of a working distillery built by SMD in 1925 for the British Empire Exhibition.
Its time as a single malt brand only came in 1998 when it was chosen ahead of Rosebank as the Lowland representative within Diageo’s Classic Malt Selection.
John and George Rate open Milton distillery
The Rate brothers build a more substantial distillery nearby, called Glenkinchie
Having gone bankrupt, the distillery is closed and converted into a sawmill
A collective of Edinburgh-based investors led by Major James Grey reopen the site
The site is refurbished and expanded
Glenkinchie forms part of Scottish Malt Distillers
SMD merges with DCL (now Diageo)
Glenkinchie's floor maltings is decommissioned and turned into a museum the following year
Glenkinchie is bottled as a single malt for Diageo's Classic Malt selection
A 12-year-old and 20-year-old cask strength are released
CAPACITY (MLPA) i
CONDENSER TYPE i
FERMENTATION TIME i
FILLING STRENGTH i
GRIST WEIGHT (T) i
HEAT SOURCE i
MALT SPECIFICATION i
MALT SUPPLIER i
Mainly in house
MASH TUN TYPE i
NEW-MAKE PHENOL LEVEL i
NEW-MAKE STRENGTH i
SPIRIT STILL CHARGE (L) i
SPIRIT STILL SHAPE i
WASH STILL CHARGE (L) i
WASH STILL SHAPE i
WASHBACK TYPE i
WATER SOURCE i
Lammermuir Hills Spring
WORT CLARITY i
YEAST TYPE i
1997 - present
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1925 - 1986
Scottish Malt Distillers
1914 - 1925
Major James Grey
1881 - 1914
Glenkinchie Distillers Co
1880 - 1881
George and John Rate Brothers
1825 - 1880
CAOL ILA, GLENKINCHIE UNVEIL VISITOR PLANS
Single malt whiskies Caol Ila and Glenkinchie have unveiled ambitious plans to overhaul visitor experiences at their distilleries in Scotland.
The proposed changes form part of a £150m strategy from owner Diageo to revamp its Scotch whisky tourism facilities, centred on Johnnie Walker’s planned new global visitor attraction in Edinburgh, announced in April this year.
The scheme will link the new Edinburgh attraction to four single malt distilleries that are central to Walker: Caol Ila on Islay, Glenkinchie in the Lowlands, Cardhu on Speyside and Clynelish in the Highlands, representing regional flavour variations.
At Caol Ila, a new visitor centre will be created in the distillery warehouse, including a bar with views across the Sound of Islay to Jura.
Visitors will enter via a footbridge leading into the roof of the warehouse from new parking facilities on the hill above the distillery.
‘A lot of careful thought has been put into the plans to ensure we minimise any impact on the local community,’ said Pierrick Guillaume, Caol Ila distillery manager.
‘We look forward to working with the community and stakeholders as we progress the plans.’
Plans for Lowland distillery Glenkinchie include a new garden
Islay residents were the first to view the plans last week, with Diageo expecting to submit a planning application to Argyll & Bute Council before the end of this year.
Subject to planning permission, the work is scheduled to begin in 2019.
The plans at Glenkinchie – formally submitted to East Lothian Council this week – centre on the renovation and conversion of the distillery’s red-brick warehouse buildings into a multi-level visitor experience, including a welcome lounge, shop, bar and cocktail-making classroom, tasting room and ‘cask draw experience’.
Diageo said a number of newer buildings would be demolished to help create a ‘welcome garden’ in front of the new centre.
‘This is a very significant and exciting point on our journey to transform Glenkinchie,’ said Ramsay Borthwick, Glenkinchie distillery manager. ‘We are incredibly excited about the plans.’
If the scheme is approved by the council, work will begin in 2019, with completion scheduled for 2020.
By linking the new Johnnie Walker attraction in Edinburgh with the four malt whisky distilleries, Diageo hopes to create a ‘Johnnie Walker tour of Scotland’, encouraging visitors to Edinburgh to venture into Scotland’s rural communities.
Detailed plans related to the upgrades to Cardhu and Clynelish will follow later, while the overall £150m scheme will also include improvements to Diageo’s other single malt distillery visitor centres across Scotland.